Innovating and harmonising products and technologies are a necessity for the rail market to deploy all its potential and to deliver cost effective services for all its customers. Research is a core and fundamental task of the International Union of Railways (UIC). It supports the efforts of its members in their need to resolve operational issues. Through the coordination and management of research and innovation projects, UIC remains the unique platform of information exchange on rail R&I between all members of the Rail Operating Community. UIC supports its members’ efforts in actively benchmarking, carrying out R&I initiatives towards possible development of International Rail Standards (IRS).